Tarot is often associated with science that departs from schools of heresy, which has no logical or scientific reason at all. However, the opposite of this opinion, it is believed that Tarot has a fairly close relationship with the logic and modern science.
In this paper will be presented a brief review of the Tarot cards with logic approach and a different perspective, so expect Tarot no longer viewed with one eye as "the Devil's picture book" and acceptable in public without feeling was and was afraid because dark stigma that had been attached to the Tarot.
No complete study of the Tarot, without first studying its history. Tarot has a very long history. Tarot allegedly been used since ancient Egypt, where the word Tarot itself is believed to be formed from the word "Tar" meaning "lord" and "Ro" which means "Way", so what exactly is the "Royal Way" is? Duke street is a guidance to achieve a better life or even achieve an enlightenment.
This began in 1781, when Antoine Court de Gébelin, a Swiss mystic and a member of the Freemasons, asserted in his book Le Monde primitive, that symbol of symbols contained in the Tarot de Marseille is a representation of the teachings of Isis and Toth. He is also likely to add the ancient Hebrew letters in the 22 Major Arcana cards. Proved that belief wrong Gébelin after Champollion managed to find a way to read the letter of Ancient Egypt (hieroglyph). Then, till this moment the researchers about Ancient Egypt will never find the word in the Tar and Ro Ancient Egyptian language as it has ever claimed by Gébelin. But, at the time of Champollion managed to decipher the hieroglyph code, The Book of Toth, a book that describes the mystical Ancient Egypt was already widely circulated to and trusted by the general public.
Tarot pewacana Some even believe that the word Tarot comes from the Arabic "Turuq", which then form the word "Tareqat", which means "way". It is said that this is based on a manuscript found near the city of Fez in Morocco. This manuscript contains symbols that make up a lesson about the nature of human life, which is taught by the followers of the mystical and Sufism in the Middle East. Then, due to rapid trade between Turkey and the Mediterranean, European encounter new customs in leisure, with playing cards. The oldest card games currently stored in the Topkapi Museum in Istanbul, Turkey called "Muluk wa-Nuwwâb" which means the King and the deputy. This card consists of 4 types, respectively - each serial cards and 10 picture cards 4, bringing the total is 56 cards. In Tarot, it is clear that the number of Minor Arkana card is 56 cards.
Tarot first appeared in a format like this approach in Italy. In the XV Abat is precisely in the year 1410 - 1430, there arose what is known as "carte da trionfi" or the triumph card, when cards are added to the picture cards in a deck of cards with four series (playing cards). A literature evidence about the existence of "carte da trionfi" This is a written statement from a note in the city of Ferrara, in 1442. Meanwhile, the oldest Tarot cards ever found is 15 cards made in the XV century for the Visconti-Sforza family, the lord of Milan at the time. However, not all of which have the form of 78 cards consisting of 22 cards of Major Arcana and 56 Minor Arcana cards until the emergence of Sola-Busca cards and poems Boeiardo about tarrochi (card game) at the end of XV century. Triumph card also only has 70 cards in a deck. Finally, the Tarot is believed came from Italy, and his name took the name of the area / Taro river valley that flows there.
However, at that time there was no evidence that the Tarot is used for predictive purposes, at least until the XVII century - XVIII. Before the eighteenth century, used to play Tarot cards and gambling. This resulted in the Roman Catholic Church and several regional authorities banned gambling game with cards in particular, but in some regions of Europe, the card game is still allowed to use the Tarot cards, but not with others. At the end of the French Revolution, Aliette or better known as a way to publish Etteila predict how such a Tarot card, the result of his own and do not follow the standard Tarot century earlier centuries. Eliphas Levi is, who in 1854 published his book "dogme Rituel et de la Haute Magie" or in English known as "Transcendental Magic", known as the founder of the foundation to predict with Tarot cards. He rejected the idea Etteila, but thinking back to Gébelin, by adding a system of Kaballah (the mystical ancient Hebrew) and the four elements of alchemy on the Tarot card. Levi thought fruit spread among users English by The Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn, a sect that specializes in mysticism and spiritualism which includes teaching Tarot, Astrology, Geomancy, and so on.
Finally in the early twentieth century, Arthur Edward Waite tried to reformulate the teachings of Tarot. Waite was a member of the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn from the UK. He collaborated with Pamela Colman Smith, who redrew ditugaskannya Tarot cards, so that in it includes symbols and colors that have the color sense. Waite and even rearrange the order of cards some Arkana Major ever devised by Levi. Waite Tarot Cards and Smith's work, was later published by Rider, so is familiar with Rider-Waite-Smith Tarot Deck, or Rider-Waite Deck. Waite and Smith's work is now a standard in the manufacture of the Tarot card in the modern age like the idea Mythic Tarot departing from Greek mythology, Robin Wood Tarot is based on the traditions of Paganism, The Baseball Tarot which includes the famous baseball player, but all remain the standard Rider-Waite-Smith Tarot.
Aleister Crowley, also a member of the Golden Dawn, decided to get out of the sect was later published under his own Tarotnya The Book of Toth. The Toth Tarot was drawn by Lady Frieda Harris from the Crowley's instructions. The Toth Tarot considered esoteric power and not much used by pewacana Tarot, except that believing the contents of The Book of Toth. Another esoteric Tarot The Golden Dawn Tarot.
Indonesia also has Tarotnya itself, namely Wayang Tarot by Annie Sekarningsih fruit, CTGM. He is the first Indonesian to win recognition as a Grand Master of Tarot by the American Tarot Association. Despite using a shadowgraph image as an illustration tarotnya, but the sequence and the standard are the key words are still somewhat influenced by RWS Tarot.
Although there is no authentic facts stated Tarot comes from Ancient Egypt, many who believed pewacana. They also believe that the Tarot in its development into the Arabian peninsula (Morocco), and on to India, until finally developed by European royalty due from the Islamic conquest of Europe. Those who believe this is generally argued that the teachings of Tarot is very secret at that time so there would be no evidence or facts that can be recorded in writing. There's something interesting that according to sahibul saga, the word "Gypsy" is adventurous nomadic tribes around Europe is a distortion of the word "Egyptian", aka the Egyptian people. Whether this is true, is not known with certainty.