Tugu Yogya is an heritage building of Sultan Hamengku Buwana I. Construction of that monument is to commemorate the king's sense of community (at that time Prince Mangkubumui) with people who conspires against the Dutch, so the prince Mangkubumi gaining of the Mataram ground. The monument was built a year after Gianti Agreement. On the first the Monument high are 25 meters.
Tugu Yogya position now in the middle of major intersections that are stretched to the north is the AM. Sangaji St., east Jenderal Sudirman St., south Pangeran Mangkubumi-Malioboro St., west Pangeran Diponegoro St.. Peak monument was originally as a point of view of the Sultan when attending of Grebeg ceremonies in Manguntur Ward, at Sitihinggil Lor.
In the Dutch language is more famous Tugu Yogya with the title White Paal (white obelisk). While people often call the older generation Yogyakarta Tugu White Pal. In addition, people often call Tugu Yogyakarta also Golong gilig. It is inseparable from the physical characteristics of the building. White color that surrounds the entire body so made that monument more familiar with White Pal.
While it gilig shape (elliptical) with ball-shaped peak, that so called golong gilig. In addition, golong gilig also intended to symbolize a sense of unity between the people and the king in the fight against the Dutch. Golong gilig often interpreted as a unified intention, will, and action.
Tugu Yogyakarta on June 10, 1867 collapse, third of the monument shattered by earthquake that hit Yogyakarta at that time. By the Dutch authorities the monument was rebuild in 1889, that changes made the monument become a shape it's seem today, and the height change to just 15 meters.
Overhaul of the Netherlands was carried out with the intention that the monument is no longer a symbol or a monument golong gililg between the people and the king so that the original meaning as when built became lost.